Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In the growing season apply balanced fertilizer once a month. Ocimum tenuiflorum (synonym Ocimum sanctum), commonly known as holy basil or tulsi, is an aromatic perennial plant in the family Lamiaceae.It is native to the Indian subcontinent and widespread as a cultivated plant throughout the Southeast Asian tropics.. Tulsi is cultivated for religious and traditional medicine purposes, and for its essential oil.It is widely used as a herbal tea, commonly used in … The plant... 2. Thai Basil. There are dozens of types of basil. Why Causes Plant Bolting? You can rely on this basil even late in the season as it remains productive. Here’s How to Protect Your Chickens from Foxes, Growing Tomatillos: The Complete Guide to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Tomatillos, When to Trim Your Bushes and 6 Important Tips to Do It Right, 30 Beautiful Succulent Planter Ideas to Display Their Full Glory. This is also a sun-loving plant and requires moderate watering. This variety of basil strikes has ornamental basil with a plant size 12 – 18 inches tall. ... Main types of basil. this also includes nettles and mint. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. Napoletano Basil. Requirements for Basil plant Basil is a plant of hot temperatures, and it can survive in the temperature up to 70 degrees Celsius. Learn how to grow it here. Because of its spicy flavor and fragrant aroma, it goes well in fruit salads and garnishes. The fruity aromatic flavor of this basil is somewhat like wine with a tinge of pine. Although small, its evenly shaped leaves are still packed with flavor and are perfect for garnishing dishes. Basil is a member of the Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family of plants. This is easily grown in tropical areas but can also thrive in countries with four seasons but must be in an outdoor garden during summer. Remove dead stems and foliage and debris after the growing season. Purple Basil. The ruffled and fringed leaves of this basil are very engaging. Its ancient history, especially with relation to Hinduism, makes it a holy plant not only because of the various mythological stories but also due to its innumerable health benefits. Just a couple of leaves are enough to add a spicy note to the Asian gourmets. Sun requirements: Full sun. Needs full sun to flourish. 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This Basil is more of everything, i.e., it has a darker green shade; the leaves are … 2. Of these, the most … All true basil varieties are considered to be those that are a part of the Ocimum genus.Ocimum Basilicum, or sweet basil, is the most well known species of the basil plant.There are numerous cultural varieties of basil, such as purple basil and cinnamon basil, which are appreciated for their unique colors, smell and taste. Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a member of the mint family. Also Read: How To Grow Licorice (Mulethi). Almost all basil varieties are cultivated as culinary herbs. In general, basil doesn’t need … To help it flourish you need to pinch it back. All types of basil are very easy to grow, and most do very well in pots or window boxes, or even indoors on a sunny windowsill. Avoid planting it too early in the springs. Add it to soups, sauces, fish and meat dishes as its a bit more spicier than a few other sweet basil varieties. Ocimum Sanctum can grow upto 75 cms in height. 18 Types of Basil to Grow for Cooking & Medicinal Uses |... 16 DIY Indoor Window Garden Ideas For Urban Gardeners, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow. Clay, being natural, is perfect for plants in many ways. Ample watering with mulching around the base is what it needs. In hot climates, keep it in part sun. It can tolerate a bit shady spot but still need part sun. The following is a list of types of basil. Like the other varieties of basil, it can deliver a wide array of health benefits, which will include the following:. These latter two are generally held to be from the Greek name “Basilikon phuton”. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. Also, the more aromatic and spicy flavor makes it a great ingredient in several Italian dishes and pesto recipes. Basil is easy to grow, but it only grows outdoors in the summer—and only once the soil has warmed up nicely—so plan accordingly. The leaves splashed with purple and green give this plant an appealing look. Beware of aphids, flea beetles, Japanese beetles, snails, and slugs. The soil of the Basil plant should have a mixture of 70 percent soil and 30 percent sand. During the dry spells keep the plant well-watered. It Contains Antioxidants: Red basil is an herb that is known for its high concentration of antioxidants. One of the best short basil varieties named after a sauce made by using basil, garlic, and olive oil known as Pistou sauce. Work it into pesto, sauces, salads, herbal dishes as well as in drinks and teas. This variety of basil features large leaves with a medium green color and an aromatic scent. Originating from the regions of Naples (Itay), its extraordinarily large leaves are used for wrapping poultry, fish or cheese. A customized soil mix can be created by mixing one third potting soil with one third organic matter (peat moss, compost or leaf mold) and one third … Growing only up to 8 inches, it’s a small bushy variety of basil that is native to Southeast Asia. Sweet basil is a medium green plant with round leaves. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. Reduce the fertilizer frequency if you see the overfertilization symptoms like browning leaf tips, wilting or yellowing lower leaves, and white crust of accumulated salts on the soil. Don’t overwater the plant. Just like the lemon basil, it is also one of the types of basil that is citrus flavored. Beware of frost if you plant this basil outdoors. Beyond this, there are other interesting species to grow in the garden. What are the varieties of basil? It generally starts producing leaves within 30 to 60 days of sowing, in 60-90 days it fully matures. Bored with the similar display of green foliage herbs? It grows up to four feet tall and has a fragrant, spicy aroma that wafts in wet wind. Plant species belonging to the family Lamiaceae They stand out for their long history as aromatic and medicinal herbs. You can grow a combination of both lemon and lime basils as they make a great pair. And How Can You Prevent It? Read these basil growing tips. The purplish stems and purple-veined leaves make it a showy plant. Dark opal basil: Grow this type of basil to add some colours to your herb pots inside or outside. Download Basil plant stock photos. Water persistently and mulch around the base so that soil retains moisture. It does not tolerate harsh cold weather. The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavor meats, fish, salads, and sauces; basil tea is a stimulant. All of them are edible and perfect for growing in containers. However, it cannot bear cold weather and die in freezing temperatures. Flower production of basil plants should be discouraged. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. Grow it in a sunny spot and keep it well watered. This type of basil holds up well to high-temperature cooking, so don’t be afraid to add it to your favorite stir-fry recipe. This exotic looking dark purple foliage basil can enhance the beauty of your landscape. Genovese Basil. It can also be used to repel mosquitoes. While growing basil indoors is an easy endeavor, the vigorous growth of plants may require frequent repotting. Choose a spot which receives around six of direct sun. Avoid using the fertilizer with high nitrogen content. Common names for Basil include Saint Joseph’s Wort, King of herbs, Royal herb. Prune it time to time to improve air circulation. Although, it is not as common as lemon basil. Also known as Tulsi, it is revered in the Hindu religion for its medicinal and spiritual characteristics. Rich, moist and slightly acidic soil is optimum for planting. The enchanting beauty of this variety and its edible merits make it must-have basil. Add lemon basil to the ice tea for warm lemon flavor and to it make it an invigorating drink. Sand helps the soil to drain the excess water. As the name suggests, this basil is bestowed with serrated leaves which are saber-like and ornamental. Exposure to direct sun or fluorescent light is necessary for optimum growth. How to Spot and Get Rid of Scale on Your Garden Plants, Why You Should Grow Baby Vegetables, and How to Do It, How to Improve Garden Soil Fertility on the Cheap, Bone Meal Fertilizer: What You Need to Know to Make It Work in Your Garden, How to Spot and Get Rid of Carrot Rust Fly on Your Garden Plants. Leaves narrower and more pointed than sweet basil. Ranging from green to purple the herb can attain a height of 12-18 inches. The extremely aromatic leaves also have a delightful variety of flavors, from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to cinnamon, and licorice. It can grow up to two feet tall. Plant Type: Annual herb of the mint family. Water moderately to keep the soil evenly moist. You have entered an incorrect email address! Holy basil, a natural antioxidant known for its medicinal properties, is also called Tulsi … Provide plenty of light and water. If there is a variety of basil which stands out among other basil varieties, this is the one. This small and bushy basil is a great option for any container gardener. Check out our herb pruning tips to learn more. For now, feel free to continue reading. The stems and flower bracts range from pink to a rich, deep purple, with pale purple flowers. If you want to use companion planting to reap the most benefits, you need 2-3 basil plants per tomato plant. Custom Soil Mix. Sweet basil is available in many grocery stores, while other varieties have different tastes and fragrances. Purple Basil. Summerlong Basil falls in the Dwarf plant category. If required, flush the soil. Learn more about basil in this article. See more ideas about Types of basil, Basil, Herbs. Maintain moisture in the soil during the growing season. Sweet basil is the most well-known and commonly grown basil, but there are a few other very useful and popular varieties. Mexican spicy basil is another name of this basil. ... Fertilize your basil plant every 2 weeks with half-strength balanced liquid fertilizer during the growing season. Here are some of its fantastic health benefits! This is a compact variety of basil which grows in a bushy form as the name suggests. May 9, 2019 - Explore Grow Herbs Garden's board "Types of Basil", followed by 106 people on Pinterest. With this type of lighting, basil plants will need about 10 hours of light for healthy growth. In a deep-dug bed, the plants grow about 18 (46 cm) high and as wide. 65 to 85 Degrees F is the optimum growing temperature. That’s why it earns a well-deserved position in the ornamental gardens. Move outdoors only after the last frost has passed. Apart from regular culinary uses, you can steep it in vinegar or oil to add color and aroma to the dishes. Place the pot nearby a sunny windowsill so that it can enjoy in the direct sun. The most common type of basil is sweet basil; other types include purple basil (less sweet than common basil), lemon basil (lemon flavor), and Thai basil (licorice flavor). It is closely identified with Italian cooking, although it is originally from India. A striking plant in any edible landscape. The Various Favourable and Beautiful Basil Varieties Available 1. The leaves are pointed and can be used in garnishes, salads, meat dishes or soups, and tomato dishes. This basil has a rich stunning colour having the prettiest fuchsia-hued flowers. Ideal for a lettuce wrap because the leaves are large, around 3-5 inches in size. If you’re a basil lover, you’ll love to grow these basil varieties. Hardiness Zones: 2-11. Basil , also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). It still remains true to the traditional … Best for: Adding color to … It is among the most popular basil varieties to grow and is used widely in cooking its tender, aromatic foliage. Another type of basil is tulsi, or holy basil (Ocimum santum). Sow the seeds 0.25 inches deep and space them 10 inches apart. See more ideas about Types of basil, Basil, Basil plant. Mexican Cinnamon Basil is my favorite basil. The leaves are smaller and pointier, and the plant produces beautiful purple flowers. This is another variety of the sweet basil. Japanese beetles can skeletonize the whole plant, be on a lookout for them. There are numerous types of basil and choosing one comes down to what you’re going to use it for and what your taste preference is. If that was not enough having it daily in the tea or chai will boost your immune system. thyrsiflora or var. Purple basil has a striking dark burgundy color that provides excellent contrast in the … ... Keep picking the leaves to keep the plant producing more. It’s not as ornamental as other basil varieties but forms beautiful white spikes that are tall and appealing. Sweet Basil. Vana tulsi (ocimum gratissum) It is woody type perennial, aromatic and sacred species of holy basil … To encourage branching, pinch terminal shoots. Water routinely and avoid the soil from drying out completely. However, the best known is the common basil (Ocimum basilicum) It is used for culinary and medicinal purposes. This list of types of basil can’t end without adding this basil variety. This plant is very susceptible to frost damage so move it indoors at the first sign of frost. Holy Basil. Keep the soil evenly moist in the initial stage when the plant is establishing. Propagate it from cuttings. Basil is likely native to India and is widely grown as a kitchen herb. Sometimes the lifespan of the basil plant can be short, so harvest away, basil lovers.

type of basil plant

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